The Little Known Raccoon Roundworm

 

Lately the New York City Division of Health reported two ravaging infections in kids in Brooklyn. One kid, a newborn, as of this writing, has extreme permanent brain damage. The other, a teenager, has loss of vision in one eye. What triggered such extreme, terrible condition in these youngsters? It’s called Baylisascaris procyonis, the raccoon roundworm.

Baylisascaris procyonis is a roundworm discovered in the tiny intestines of raccoons. They excrete the eggs of this parasite in their feces. The eggs can make it through in the atmosphere for many years under positive conditions. There could be millions of eggs lost by the raccoon, with high thickness in the feces as well as the dirt surrounding it.

The raccoon roundworm is pretty indiscriminate in exactly what pets it could contaminate; bunnies, woodchucks, squirrels, and also birds amongst others. Many times these animals get contaminated by getting the eggs in their fur as well as consume the eggs during brushing.

Humans likewise get contaminated by mistakenly ingesting eggs from the environment, from raccoon feces, polluted water or fomites. Raccoons commonly excrete in preferred areas called lavatories. Usual latrines include the bases of trees, increased forks of trees, fallen logs, rooftops, woodpiles and decks.

In animals and human beings, the eggs hatch out in the intestine and the larvae shift via the physical body. The 3 most typical illness symptoms are larval movements with the tissues, to the eyes (loss of sight) and also the main nerves (mental retardation). Young children and also persons with pica, (an abnormal desire to consume odd points like filth) and also those who are subjected to locations where raccoons excrete are most likely to obtain contaminated.

Therapy for this parasite is typically ineffective in protecting against fatality. If the therapy is started early enough, it could possibly kill the larva prior to it goes into the main nervous system. This disease can be very lethal and it’s a growing case here in Orlando,FL.   Here is an audio video that explains more about this disease:

B. procyonis is discovered in both urban and country settings. The frequency varies on geographical location. It is most typical in north areas of the United States as well as lowers in the southerly states, where it is rare or absent in raccoons in the Deep South.

Exactly how can you avoid this possibly deadly infection? According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention the complying with steps need to be followed:

o Prevent direct contact with raccoons – especially their feces. Do not maintain, feed, or adopt raccoons as pets! Raccoons are wild pets.
o Discourage raccoons from residing in as well as around your house or parks by
o preventing access to food
o closing off accessibility to attics and also basements
o maintaining sand boxes covered whatsoever times, (becomes a lavatory).
o getting rid of fish pools – they consume the fish and consume the water.
o getting rid of all water sources.
o removing bird feeders.
o maintaining garbage containers snugly shut.
o clearing brush so raccoons are not likely to make a den on your commercial property.
o Stay away from areas and also products that could be contaminated by raccoon feces. Raccoons normally defecate at the base of or in elevated forks of trees, or on increased straight areas such as dropped logs, stumps, or huge rocks. Raccoon feces likewise could be found on woodpiles, decks, roofs, and in attics, garage areas, and also haylofts. Feces normally are dark as well as tubular, have a pungent smell (generally even worse compared to pet or cat feces), and also usually contain undigested seeds or various other food things.
o To do away with eggs, raccoon feces and product polluted with raccoon feces should be eliminated carefully and also melted, buried, or sent out to a land fill. Care must be taken to stay clear of contaminating hands and clothes. Deal with decks, patios, and also other areas with boiling water or a gas flame-gun. (Exercise proper preventative measures!) Newly deposited eggs take a minimum of 2-4 weeks to become infective. Trigger extraction and also devastation of raccoon feces will certainly decrease risk for direct exposure and feasible infection.